Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the most prevalent chemical compounds in the cannabis plant. Unlike the more famous molecule, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is completely non-psychoactive.
The endocannabinoid system is made up of cannabinoid receptors and substances called endocannabinoids, which are synthesized by the body on demand. The cannabinoid receptors, found throughout all throughout the body, work like a lock and key to bind with endocannabinoids.
When the endocannabinoids bind or interact with these receptors, they alter the release of neurotransmitters to relay messages between nerve cells. The endocannabinoid system is constantly using endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors to make the necessary adjustments to keep our many functions in a general state of balance.
How CBD Works?
Cannabinoids are agonists that bind to special receptors on your cells, called cannabinoid receptors. All cannabinoids, including CBD, attach themselves to certain receptors in the body to produce their effects.
The human body produces certain cannabinoids on its own. It has two receptors for cannabinoids, called CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.
CB1 receptors are found all around the body, but many of them are in the brain. These receptors are responsible for coordination, movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite and memories among others.
CB2 receptors are more common in the nervous system, highly concentrated in immune cells. When activated they work to reduce inflammation and pain.
CBD in Skincare
Like other CBD products, CBD skincare products are non-psychoactive, and since the cannabinoids in these topicals interact with CB2 receptors near the skin, activating the endocannabinoid system, they are never absorbed into the bloodstream.